Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

Introduction

In part 3 of this blog post series, we have successfully extended the schema of active directory for Exchange Server 2019. In this blog post, we will go through the installation of first Exchange Server 2019. During the installation, we will also review the best practices for installation and where and what you need to do to ensure you have a successful installation of your exchange server. Before you install an Exchange Server 2019, verify the following prerequisites for your Exchange Server 2019 are completed:

  • The target server must be a member of an Active Directory domain.
  • The account that you use to install Exchange requires the following permissions:
    • Enterprise Admins group membership: Required if this is the first Exchange server in the organization.
    • Schema Admins group membership: Required if you haven’t previously extended the Active Directory schema or prepared Active Directory for Exchange 2019.
    • Exchange Organization Management role group membership: Required if you’ve already prepared the Active Directory domain that will contain the Exchange server, or if other Exchange servers already exist in the organization.

Schema admins group membership is not required for us to install the Exchange Server as we have already extended the Active Directory schema in previous blog post.

At this point, you are ready to install your first Exchange 2019 server. As mentioned previously, this lab is focused on installation of Exchange server 2019 on Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience.

Install First Exchange Server 2019

To install Exchange Server 2019, follow the following steps:

  • Run Setup.exe as administrator

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019 Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • It’s recommended to always check for updates before you start the installation, Click Next to proceed. In next step, setup will start the copy process to copy Exchange files.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • The Copying Files page shows the progress of copying files to the local hard drive. Typically, the files are copied to %WinDir%\Temp\ExchangeSetup, but you can confirm the location in the Exchange Setup log at C:\ExchangeSetupLogs\ExchangeSetup.log

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Introduction page, Microsoft recommend that you visit the Exchange Server deployment planning links if you haven’t already reviewed them. Click Next to continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the License Agreement page, review the software license terms, select I accept the terms in the license agreement, and then click Next to continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Recommended Settings page, choose one of the following settings:
    • Use recommended settings: Exchange automatically sends error reports and information about your computer hardware and how you use Exchange to Microsoft. For information about what’s sent to Microsoft and how it’s used, click ? or the help links on the page.
    • Don’t use recommended settings: These settings are disabled, but you can enable them at any time after Setup completes.

I highly recommend to use “Recommended Settings”. 

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Server Role Selection page, configure the following options:
    • Mailbox role: Select this option, which also automatically installs the Management Tools.
    • Automatically install Windows Server roles and features that are required to install Exchange: Select this option to have the Setup wizard install the required Windows prerequisites. You might need to reboot the computer to complete the installation of some Windows features. If you don’t select this option, you need to install the Windows features manually.

Selecting this option installs only the Windows features that are required by Exchange. You need to install other prerequisites manually. We have already performed this step in our part 2 of this blog post series.

  • Click Next to continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Installation Space and Location page, either accept the default installation location (C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V15) or click Browse to choose a new location. Make sure that you have enough disk space available in the location where you want to install Exchange.

It’s highly recommended not to install Exchange Server on OS drive. As I’m doing an installation in lab environment, we’re good to do the installation on C/OS drive. For production implementation, I highly recommend leveraging a separate drive for Exchange installation.

  • Click Next to continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Malware Protection Settings page, choose whether you want disable malware scanning. Malware scanning is enabled by default (the value No is selected). If you disable malware scanning, you can enable it in the future. Click Next to continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • On the Readiness Checks page, verify that the organization and server role prerequisite checks completed successfully. If they haven’t, the only option on the page is Retry, so you need to resolve the errors before you can continue.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • Click Install to start the installation process of Exchange Server.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

  • Once all the steps for Exchange Server 2019 installation are complete, Click Finish to close the installation wizard.

Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

Verify Exchange Server 2019 Installation

After you install Exchange Server 2019, Microsoft recommend that you verify the installation by running the Get-ExchangeServer cmdlet and by reviewing the Exchange Setup log. If the setup process fails or errors occur during installation, you can use the Setup log to find the source of the problem.

Get-ExchangeServer Cmdlet

To verify that Exchange installed successfully, run the following commands in the Exchange Management Shell. Part 4 – Install and Configure Exchange Server 2019

Exchange Setup Logs

Exchange Setup logs events in the Application log of the Windows Server. This log contains a history of each action that the system takes during Exchange setup and any errors that occurred (By default, the logging method is set to Verbose). You can use the Windows Event Viewer to find the messages related to Exchange setup. The Exchange Setup log is available at <system drive>:\ExchangeSetupLogs\ExchangeSetup.log (<system drive> is the drive where Windows is installed). The Setup log tracks the progress of every task during the Exchange installation and configuration. The file contains information about the status of the prerequisite and system readiness checks before installation starts, the application installation progress, and the configuration changes that are made to the system. Check this log file to verify that Exchange was installed as expected.

Conclusion

In this blog post, we have successfully installed our first Exchange Server 2019. In next blog post, we will go through post installation tasks related to Exchange Server 2019. As i mentioned earlier in the post, if you are installing Exchange Server 2019 in production environment, make sure you are not installing the bits on OS drive. It’s highly recommended to have a separate drive for your Exchange bits installation.


Also published on Medium.